On Feb 17, 2018, a little known but highly ambitious blockchain project called CREDITS, launched its public crowdsale. The hardcap for the crowdsale was $20 million, not a massive amount, but not a trivial amount either. It took only 17 hours to hit this figure. In total, the ICO generated about 20,000 transactions from 15,000 addresses.
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Despite this success, there has been relatively little hype and marketing around the CREDITS project. Which is strange, considering that CREDITS isn’t your average Dapp built on top of the Ethereum platform. In fact, CREDITS positions itself as a far superior version of Ethereum.
The Idea behind CREDITS and Its Value Proposition
The scalability problems of the most popular blockchain networks today, namely Bitcoin and Ethereum, are well known. The first issue is network capacity. At present Bitcoin can only do about seven transactions per second, with Ethereum doing about 15 to 20. Contrast this with Visa, which can do 40,000 to 50,000 transactions per second.
The second issue is confirmation time. Right now, Bitcoin takes 22 minutes to confirm a single transaction, with that figure spiking to thousands of minutes (basically hours and even days) during times of network congestion. Ethereum is much faster, at about 2 minutes, but that’s still not good enough for its envisioned scale (although Ethereum developers are hard at work on this problem as you read this).
The CREDITS platform sees itself as a superior version of Ethereum, although more specifically targeted for use by the financial industry. Just like Ethereum, it will be a smart contracts platform that other decentralized applications can build on. Unlike Ethereum, it will be a distributed ledger as opposed to a blockchain.
But more important are the advantages that CREDITS claims to offer over Ethereum and its other competitors such as NEO and EOS. CREDITS claims to be able to provide:
#1: Superior Network Capacity
CREDITS is aiming to deliver a staggering one million transactions per second. This is far more than even Ripple, which currently stands at about 1,500 transactions per second.
#2: Fastest Confirmation Times
CREDITS is targeting a confirmation time from 0.01 to 3 seconds. This is much faster than both Bitcoin and Ethereum. However, it is only slightly quicker than Ripple, which stands at a confirmation time of about four seconds as of this writing.
#3: Lowest Transaction Fees
CREDITS claims that its transaction fees will start as low as $0.001. Compare this to Bitcoin which has an average transaction fee of about $2.40 (spiking as high as $50 before) and Ethereum at $0.70 (spiking as high as $4.00). However, this is about comparable with Ripple, which has a current average transaction fee of about $0.005 but goes below $0.001 quite frequently.
A New Consensus Mechanism: Proof of Capacity
CREDITS’ consensus mechanism is quite interesting and can best be described as Proof of Capacity. Note that this is entirely different than some other definitions of Proof of Capacity, which is based on the amount of storage space (capacity) that you have to offer to the network. Also, in some of its documents, CREDITS refers to its consensus mechanism as Distributed Proof of Stake instead.
To understand how CREDITS’ consensus mechanism works, keep in mind is that there is no ‘mining’ done. We need first to understand the three types of network nodes.
- The common node is the lowest level of network nodes and has a low trust factor. This node still participates in transaction verification for validity. If the trust factor increases enough, it can be upgraded to the next level which is…
- A trusted node, which has the maximum trust factor of 1 (this figure ranges from 0 to 1). The number of trusted nodes cannot exceed 50% of the total number of nodes. 50% of transaction fees are distributed among the trusted nodes.
- The main node is the node that adds transactions to the ledger. It gets 50% of the transaction fee.
To be the main network node, you have to calculate the hash functions faster, have a higher performance server, and superior network quality. CREDITS refers to this type of consensus mechanism as ‘asynchronous work of consensus’ because of the importance of the main network node in achieving consensus. This is supposedly a big factor in CREDITS being able to deliver its promised transaction speeds and network capacity.
The Team behind CREDITS
CREDITS is based in Singapore, but its core team is decidedly un-Singaporean and appears to be 100% Russian. Further, while the team does have a few software engineers, it looks like the bulk of the team comprises of marketing people or those in charge of partnerships.
CREDITS Development Status and Roadmap
At present, CREDITS has already completed its ICO and also released an alpha version of its platform. The team claims that a beta version will be released in March 2018, with the mainnet platform released in June 2018.
Use Cases and Current Partnerships
CREDITS says that the UBIN Report could form the basis for the potential uses of its platform. The UBIN Report is a collaboration between Deloitte and the Monetary Authority of Singapore on distributed ledger technology applications within the financial industry. It also has nothing to do specifically with the CREDITS project.
Nevertheless, the report does list out some potential use applications such as trading operations, cross-border payments, digital identification, clearing, and insurance. All of these could theoretically be used on the CREDITS platform.
CREDITS has already started announcing various ‘partnerships’ with several companies, which you can find in its Partnerships section. CREDITS prefaces each announcement by calling these companies a ‘new user’ of the platform. A few of the partnerships/users that CREDITS has announced are:
- Fintech Bloq
- Ibdi Group
- HappyCoin (Note: Domain Suspended!)
As you can see, all of the ‘partnerships’ announced have nothing to do with the financial industry at all. So far these are all cryptocurrency/blockchain-related projects, and, although this may be considered judging a book by its cover, don’t appear to be the most legitimate at first glance.
Can CREDITS Deliver On Its Claims? Plus Red Flags To Watch Out For
CREDITS’ ICO was a huge success, and if its platform can deliver what it promises, it will indeed be a game changer. But there are several red flags concerning this project that have raised doubts in more than a few people’s minds, and they are worth highlighting here.
Lack of Source Code on GitHub / Fluff Technical Paper
CREDITS claims to be open source, and the standard modus operandi for those projects is to have the source code posted on GitHub. Given the fantastic claims made by CREDITS, many people are interested in seeing the source code for themselves. Yet, as of this writing, the source code has yet to be posted on GitHub, although the team has claimed in its official subreddit that they will get to it soon.
The so-called technical paper posted on their website also does not answer the question of how CREDITS will deliver on its promises. For instance, it does not even mention the number of nodes required to achieve such transaction speeds or anything about block size.
Tokens Still Locked
While the ICO is over, the CREDITS tokens remain locked. As an ERC-20 compliant token, this is quite out of the ordinary as they are typically disbursed immediately to investors. As such, the CREDITS token has yet to be listed on any exchange, although the CREDITS team has said that this would probably happen sometime in March 2018.
As mentioned in the above section, none of the ‘partnerships’ announced by the CREDITS team seem very legitimate. They are mostly blockchain-related projects themselves and don’t really add to the legitimacy of the CREDITS platform. Also, how can you announce these partnerships as ‘users’ when the CREDITS platform is still in the testnet stage?
Russian-based Team in Singapore?
The project is based in Singapore, yet its team members are exclusively Russian. This is quite unusual, and no doubt has raised more than a few eyebrows. The lack of software developers on the team is also concerning.
Lack of Detail in Roadmap
CREDITS’ roadmap is sparse and lacking in details despite the mainnet release supposedly being only three months away.
What are the Short Term and Long Term Potentials of CREDITS?
In the short term, given the ICO’s success, CREDITS potential would depend on whether it can get the tokens listed on a major exchange soon and whether it can deliver on its beta version. Both are supposed to happen in March. If CREDITS can deliver on these, it is likely that the CREDITS tokens will see a short-term boost.
In the long-term, however, CREDITS has a lot to prove. Its claims of 1 million transactions per second are highly extraordinary, and as the saying goes, extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence. Many people are claiming that its claims are technically impossible.
So far, CREDITS has yet to provide even ordinary evidence (testnet speed tests are hardly evidence). Until CREDITS can prove its claims, skepticism should be the default. But since CREDITS says that it will deliver its mainnet product in June 2018, only three months away, it won’t be long before the community finds out whether the CREDITS project is legit, or nothing but a scam.
What do you think of CREDITS? Can it really deliver on its fantastic claims and surpass Ripple and Ethereum or is it just a scam? Let us know your views in the comments below.